Rupture Disk
The original rupture disk (bursting disc) manufacturer shaping the growth of pressure relief devices for over 80 years.

SURE-SAF™ SYSTEM

The Fail Safe CSI™ Reverse Buckling Disk and CSR-7RS Safety Head

The Sure-Saf® System has been developed to provide optimal safety using rupture disk (bursting disc) pressure relief technology. The CSI™ rupture disk (bursting disc) combined with the CSR-7RS™ safety head provides accuracy and reliability. This unique partnership ensures the CSI™ disk bursts at or below its certified burst pressure in the event that the disk is installed in the wrong direction or becomes damaged.

The CSI™ rupture disk (bursting disc) uses SafT technology (structural apex forming), the central feature on the disk dome, which enhances accuracy of burst pressure. At its burst pressure, the CSI™ rupture disk (bursting disc) dome reverses and opens by shearing around a circular score line located at the perimeter of the dome. The CSR-7RS™ safety head outlet contains an energy-absorbing hinge that aligns with an unscored portion of the CSI™ disk perimeter that retains the CSI™ disk upon opening, avoiding fragmentation.

CSI™ Disk Features

  • Reverse Buckling Disk in Sizes 1" / 25mm ~ 8" / 200mm
  • Non-Fragmentation Design
  • Designed for Gas, Liquid, or 2-phase Flow Conditions
  • Fail Safe: Reversal Safety Ratio <1
  • Fail Safe: Damage Safety Ratio <1
  • High Operating Ratio: 90% of Marked Burst Pressure
  • High Operating Ratio: 95% of Minimum Burst Pressure (ISO & European Codes)
  • SafT Technology
  • Vacuum Resistant
  • Resists Product Accumulation
  • Static or Cyclic Operating Conditions
  • Standard 0% Manufacturing Design Range
  • Optional -5% & -10% Manufacturing Design Range

Reversal Safety Ratio < 1
Should the CSI™ rupture disk (bursting disc) in its CSR-7RS™ safety head be accidentally installed the wrong way, it will burst at or typically below its burst pressure. This "fail-safe" design feature is called the reversal safety ratio. With a value of 1 or less, the CSI™ disk will relieve pressure at a reduced burst pressure should improper installation cause pressure to be applied to the disk's concave side.

Installed in the wrong direction, the CSI™ rupture disk (bursting disc) interacts along its circular score line with stress raising features in the CSR-7RS™ safety head to open at a reduced burst pressure.

Damage Safety Ratio <1
If the CSR™ rupture disk (bursting disc) is accidentally damaged, it will relieve pressure by bursting at or typically below its marked burst pressure. This "fail-safe" design feature is called the damage safety ratio. With a value of 1 or less, the CSI™ disk will relieve pressure at a reduced burst pressure if damaged. When the domed structure of the CSI™ rupture disk (bursting disc) is damaged, it will reverse at a reduced pressure and interact along its circular score line with stress raising features in the CSR-7RS™ safety head to open at a reduced burst pressure.

Burst Tolerance
Burst tolerance is the +/- range of pressure over which a rupture disk (bursting disc) can be expected to burst.

Burst tolerance is either +/-5% of burst pressure or +/-2psi (+/-0.138 bar) for disks rated below 40 psi/2.76 bar.

Minimum Net Flow Area / Net Relief Area

Disk Size
in/mm
Minimum Net Flow Area
in square inches
Net Relief Area
in square centimeters
1/
25
0.86 5.55
1-1/2/
40
1.89 12.19
2/
50
3.36 21.68
3/
80
7.29 47.03
4/
100
11.20 72.26
6/
150
22.65 146.13
8/
200
42.72 275.61
In the case of the CSI™ rupture disk (bursting disc), the MNFA & the NRA are the same. MNFA is expressed in square inches to facilitate sizing calculations in line with ASME practices. NRA is expressed in square centimeters for use when sizing in line with ISO, European Standards and forthcoming CEN practices.

CSI™ Rupture Disk Material Options
The CSI™ rupture disk is available in a range of corrosion resistant materials (see table). For each material the upper temperature limit has been determined through the recommendations of material manufacturers and user experience. While Hastelloy C-276 is the standard grade used, Hastelloy B & Hastelloy C-22 may be available upon request.

Fluorocarbon film liners are available as an additional corrosion barrier attached to the inlet side of CSI™ rupture disks (bursting discs). FEP is the standard liner material. PFA and PTFE are available. FEP & PFA are limited to 400 ºF/ 204 ºC maximum recommended temperature, PTFE is limited to 500 ºF/ 260 ºC. Fluoropolymer materials are typically used.

Burst Pressure Capability

Disk Size
in/mm
Nickel 200
psig/barg
Min/Max
316
Stainless
Steel
psig/barg
Min/Max
Inconel 600
psig/barg
Min/Max
Monel 400
psig/barg
Min/Max
Hastelloy-C276
psig/barg
Min/Max
1 /
25
70/
4.83
500/
34.48
90/
6.21
500/
34.48
80/
5.52
500/
34.48
70/
4.83
500/
34.48
90/
6.21
500/
34.48
1-1/2/
40
50/
3.45
500/
34.48
80/
5.52
500/
34.48
50/
3.45
500/
34.48
50/
3.45
500/
34.48
80/
5.52
500/
34.48
2/
50
50/
3.45
500/
34.48
75/
5.17
500/
34.48
50/
3.45
500/
34.48
50/
3.45
500/
34.48
75/
5.17
500/
34.48
3/
80
45/
3.10
500/
34.48
70/
4.83
500/
34.48
45/
3.10
500/
34.48
45/
3.10
500/
34.48
70/
4.83
500/
34.48
4/
100
45/
3.10
500/
34.48
65/
4.48
500/
34.48
45/
3.10
500/
34.48
45/
3.10
500/
34.48
65/
4.48
500/
34.48
6/
150
30/
2.07
500/
34.48
30/
2.07
500/
34.48
30/
2.07
500/
34.48
30/
2.07
500/
34.48
30/
2.07
500/
34.48
8/
200
30/
2.07
500/
34.48
30/
2.07
500/
34.48
30/
2.07
500/
34.48
30/
2.07
500/
34.48
30/
2.07
500/
34.48

Temperature
The burst pressure of each lot of CSI™ rupture disks (bursting discs) is tested at the user indicated temperature condition: should the disk be rated above or below ambient temperature, burst testing for product certification shall be conducted at this coincident burst temperature to ensure the best product accuracy. For applications that have operating temperatures that may exceed the burst temperature, please review with BS&B Safety Systems, Inc.

Maximum Recommended Temperature

Disk Material Maximum Temperature
in degrees Fahrenheit
Maximum Temperature
in degrees Centigrade
Nickel alloy 200 750 399
316 Stainless Steel 900 482
Inconel Alloy 600 * 900 482
Monel alloy 400 800 427
Hastelloy Alloy C-276 900 482
Fluorocarbon Liner (FEP) 400 204
Fluorocarbon Liner (PFA) 400 204
Fluorocarbon Liner (PTFE) 500 260
*Inconel CSI™ disks can be specially fabricated at temperatures of up to 1100 deg F / 593 deg C. Hastelloy is a trademark of Haynes International Inc., Monel and Inconel are trademarks of Inco Alloys International. BS&B may use equivalent materials from other sources.

Operating Pressure Ratio
CSI™ Reverse Buckling Disks can be operated to 90% of their marked burst pressure, which equates to 95% of their minimum burst pressure. (For disks certified with a European / ISO 'Performance Tolerance', the CSI™ disk can be operated to 95% of the burst pressure less the negative performance tolerance.)

Manufacturing Design Range
Manufacturing design range (MDR) is a range of pressure, always applied to the minus side of the user requested burst pressure for CSI™ rupture disks (bursting discs), that simplifies disk fabrication testing and provides economic benefit to the user where such an added tolerance can be accommodated by the application.

The CSI™ rupture disk (bursting disc) is available with a standard "0" MDR, and the options of "-5%" and "-10%". The standard "0" range provides the user with the tightest margin between normal service pressure and burst pressure.

Example: Requested burst pressure 100 %
User selected manufacturing design range -10%
Applicable burst tolerance +/-5%

Then following the two different code approaches to these tolerances:

ASME / North American Codes & Standards European / PED & International / ISO Standards
Marked Burst Pressure lies between 90~100 % Burst Pressure is 100%
Lowest possible burst pressure is 90 less 5%burst tolerance = 85.5% Minimum burst pressure is 100 less 10% MDR less 5% burst tolerance = 85.5%
Highest possible burst pressure is 100 plus 5% burst tolerance = 105% Maximum burst pressure is 100 plus 5% burst tolerance = 105%
- Alternatively the tolerances may be expressed as a +5% / -15% Performance Tolerance on 100%.
If Marked Burst Pressure is 95%, lowest burst pressure is 90.25%, highest is 99.75% Marked Burst Pressure is always either Min/Max or 100% with a Performance Tolerance
By providing this example in percentage terms, real pressures can be input using any units. Effectively the ASME and CEN approaches could deliver the same product, although generally the ASME approach will not consume the whole of the manufacturing design range.

CSR-7RS™ Safety Head Specifications

Nominal Size Safety Head Flange Rating Safety Head Flange Thickness Dimensions
X Y
IN MM ANSI DIN JIS IN MM IN MM IN MM
1 25 150 - - 1-1/2 38.0 2-5/8 66.7 2-5/8 66.7
1 25 300/600 10/16/25/40 10/16/20/30/40 1-1/2 38.0 2-7/8 73.0 2-7/8 73.0
1.5 40 150 - 10/16/20 1-5/8 43.0 3-3/8 85.7 3-3/8 85.7
1.5 40 300/600 10/16/25/40 30/40 1-5/8 43.0 3-3/4 95.2 3-3/4 95.2
2 50 150/300/600 10/16/25/40 10/16/20/30/40 1-3/4 47.5 4-1/8 104.8 4-1/8 104.8
3 80 150/300/600 10/16/25/40 16/20/30/40 2-1/8 55.0 5-1/4 133.3 5-1/4 133.3
3 80 - - 10 2-5/8 66.7 4-3/4 120.6 4-3/4 120.6
4 100 150/300 10/16/25/40 16/20/30/40 2-7/8 73.0 6-1/4 158.7 6-1/4 158.7
4 100 - - 10 2-3/4 69.9 Flower Petal
4 100 600 - - 2-5/8 66.7
7-5/8 
OD/193.7 MM OD
6 150 150/300 10/16/25/40 10/30/40 3-11/16 93.7 Flower Petal
6 150 - - 16/20 4-1/5 106.7 Flower Petal
6 150 600 - - 3-1/8 79.4 10-3/8"  OD/263.5 MM OD
8 200 150/300 10 - 3-3/4 95.3 Flower Petal

Flow Performance - KR Values - Rupture Disk Sizing
Flow resistance factor "KR" may be used to determine the relieving capacity of a system when using techniques such as those described in Crane Technical Paper No. 410. Individual KR values have been established for both Gas & Liquid service for the CSI™ disk. These are experimentally determined at the BS&B Safety Systems Inc. flow laboratory following ASME procedures and witnessed by ASME representatives. Care must be taken to use the correct value for sizing purposes. When KR values are marked on the CSI™ disk tag, those for gas service are shown as "KRG", and those for liquid service are shown as "KRL". The KRg value is 0.62 and the KRI value is 6.92.

When using KR value for sizing calculations, the nominal pipe size (assuming schedule 40 pipe) of the vent system is used. When using 'coefficient of discharge' sizing techniques, the Minimum Net Flow Area or Net Relief Area of the rupture disk (bursting disc) device is used. This information is shown with the CSR-7RS™ safety head details.

CSR-7RS™ Safety Head

  • Asymmetric locating pins center the disk in the safety head eliminating disk slippage and ensuring correct installation.
  • The CSR-7RS™ can be pretorqued in the workshop for exact calibration permitting simple and correct installation.
  • For further installation assurance, a J-bolt is fitted which mates with a hole drilled in the inlet companion flange.
  • The CSR-7RS™ fits multiple international flanges ratings including ANSI, DIN, BS and JIS, thus reducing unwanted inventory.
  • Metal to metal bite-type seal 2 inches and above.
  • Unique stress raising features in the bore of the CSR-7RS™ interact with the CSI™ disk circular score line to provide a Reversal Safety Ratio & Damage Safety Ratio of 1 or less.
  • Materials available: 316SS, Carbon Steel, Inconel Alloy 600, Monel Alloy 400 and Hastelloy-C276/Alloy C-276.

Patent Information
CSI™ rupture disk (bursting disc):
Worldwide patents & US 5167337.
US and worldwide patents pending.

CSR-7RS™ safety head:
Worldwide patents and US 4751938 & 5005722.

Products, specifications and all data in this literature are subject to change without notice.  Questions regarding product selection and specifications for specific applications should be directed to BS&B Safety Systems, Inc. or BS&B Safety Systems Ltd.

All sales are subject to BS&B Safety Systems, Inc. or BS&B Safety Systems Ltd. standard terms and conditions of sale.